This overview represents the standards and guidelines used by Michigan Virtual University in producing specifications for, and evaluating, e-learning.
MVU takes a modular approach to OID (online instructional design), which will be briefly explained here.
Our Philosophy of OID
Our standards are driven by our philosophy of Instructional Design, from which our general theory of
OID and Principles are then derived and applied using a modular
approach. These Principles dictate our approach to Analysis, Design and Evaluation for on-line
The following diagram should give you a clear overview of the application of OID standards at MVU (click on any portion for detailed information):
Components of Our Standards
As our Philosophy overview explains, MVU's OID standards are divided into four
categories: Technology, Usability, Accessibility and Instructional Design.
Each category is broken down into standards and sub-standards, which have a variety of attributes that
are intended to help both the design and evaluation of online courses. The components of each
standard are detailed below:
- Standards and Sub-Standards
- Each one of our standards is carefully broken down into its smallest component part. For example, the Technology (T) category has three main standards, one of them being Identification of Technology Requirements (T1). This standard is then broken into 11 distinct sub-standards - for instance, Identification of Audio Capabilities (T1.3).
- Measurement Criteria
- Each standard has a Measurement Criteria that gives a description of how that standard should be met. For instance, the Measurement Criteria for T1.3 is that the actual audio requirements for the course are stated to the learner.
- Each standards measurement criteria will include Benchmarks that will give the evaluator general criteria and key things to look for in evaluating the standard.
- Each standard contains a rating that helps evaluators determine how well a course meets the various
- Each standard is also given a weight. This is basically a determination of how vital a standard is to the functioning of a course. Our system applies one of three different weights to each standard:
Mild - A Mild weight represents a standard that is not vitally necessary to the functioning of a course.
Serious - A Serious weight represents a standard that is at least moderately important to the efficacy of the course.
Fatal - A Fatal weight represents a standard that is of vital importance to the efficacy of the course.
- Each standard also contains a Prescription. A Prescription is used as a corrective action when a standard is not met. Quite often, a Prescription will restate or further clarify the information provided in the Measurement Criteria.
Quality Online Courses
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